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Glen Travis Campbell (born April 22, 1936) is an American country music singer, guitarist, songwriter, television host, and occasional actor. He is best known for a series of hits in the 1960s and 1970s, and forHOSTING a variety show called The Glen Campbell Goodtime Hour on CBS television.

During his 50 years in showBUSINESS, Campbell has released more than 70 albums. He has sold 45 million records and accumulated 12 RIAA Gold albums, 4 Platinum albums and 1 Double-Platinum album. He has placed a total of 80 different songs on either the Billboard Country ChartBillboard Hot 100, and/or the Adult Contemporary Chart, of which 29 made the Top 10 and of which nine reached number one on at least one of those charts. Campbell's hits include his recordings of John Hartford's "Gentle on My Mind"; Jimmy Webb's "By the Time I Get to Phoenix", "Wichita Lineman", and "Galveston"; Larry Weiss's "Rhinestone Cowboy"; and Allen Toussaint's "Southern Nights".

Campbell made history in 1967 byWINNING four Grammys total, in the country and pop categories.[2] For "Gentle on My Mind" he received two awards in country and western, "By the Time I Get to Phoenix" did the same in pop.THREE of his early hits later won Grammy Hall of Fame Awards (2000, 2004, 2008), while Campbell himself won the Grammy Lifetime Achievement Award in 2012. He owns trophies for Male Vocalist of the Year from both the Country Music Association(CMA) and the Academy of Country Music (ACM), and took the CMA's top award as 1968 Entertainer of the Year. In 1969 actor John Wayne picked Campbell to play alongside him in the film True Grit, which gave Campbell a Golden Globenomination for Most Promising Newcomer. Campbell sang theTITLE song which was nominated for an Academy Award.

Early lifeEdit

Glen Campbell was born in Billstown, a tiny community near Delight in Pike County, Arkansas, to John Wesley and CarrieDELL (Stone) Campbell.[3] He was the seventh son of 12 children. His father was a sharecropper of Scottish ancestry.[4][5] HeSTARTED playing guitar as a youth and credits his uncle Boo for teaching him the guitar.[6]

In 1954 Campbell moved to AlbuquerqueTO JOIN his uncle's band known as Dick Bills and the Sandia Mountain Boys.[7] He also appeared there on his uncle's radio show[6] and on K Circle B Time, the local children's program on KOB television.[8] In 1958 Campbell formed his own band, the Western Wranglers.[7]

CareerEdit

1960–66: Early careerEdit

In 1960, Campbell moved to Los Angeles to become a session musician.[9][10] Around this time he became part of a group called The Champs. Campbell soon was in demand as a session musician, and was part of a group of studio musicians known as The Wrecking Crew.[10][11] During this period he played on recordings by Bobby DarinRicky NelsonDean MartinNat King ColeThe MonkeesNancy SinatraMerle HaggardJan and Dean,[9]Elvis Presley,[12Frank Sinatra and Phil Spector.[10][11]

By January 1961[13] Campbell had found a daytime job at publishing company American Music, writing songs and recordingDEMOS.[6] In May 1961 he left The Champs[14] and was subsequently signed by Crest Records, a subsidiary of American Music. His first solo release, "Turn Around Look at Me", was a moderate success, peaking at number 61 on the Billboard Hot 100.[15] He also formed The Gee Cees with former bandmembers from The Champs, performing at The Crossbow Inn in Van Nuys, a Los Angeles suburb.[16] The Gee Cees too released aSINGLE on Crest, instrumentals "Buzz Saw" b/w "Annie Had A Party", which did not chart.

In 1962 Campbell signed with Capitol Records.[17] After minor initial success with "Too Late to Worry, Too Blue to Cry", his first single for the label, and "Kentucky Means Paradise", released by The Green River Boys featuring Glen Campbell, a string of unsuccessful singles and albums followed.

From 1964 on Campbell began to appear on television as a regular on Star Route, a syndicated series hosted byRod Cameron,[18] ABC's Shindig! and Hollywood Jamboree.[19]

From December 1964 to early March 1965, Campbell was a touring member of the Beach Boys, filling in forBrian Wilson.[9] He also played guitar on the group's Pet Sounds album, among other recordings. On tour, he played bass guitar and sang falsetto harmonies. In April 1966, he joined Ricky Nelson on a tour through the Far East, again playing bass.[20]

In 1965 he had his biggest solo hit yet, reaching number 45 on the Hot 100 with a version of Buffy Sainte-Marie's "Universal Soldier". Asked about the pacifist message of the song, he elected to assert that "people who are advocating burning draft cards should be hung."[21]

1967–72: Burning Bridges to The Goodtime HourEdit

When follow-up singles didn't do well, and Capitol was considering dropping Campbell from the label in 1966, he was teamed with producer Al De Lory.[22]Together they first collaborated on "Burning Bridges" which became a top 20 country hit in early 1967,[23] and the album of the same name. Campbell and De Lory collaborated again on 1967's "Gentle on My Mind", written by John Hartford, which was an overnight success. The song was followed by the bigger hit "By the Time I Get to Phoenix" later in 1967, and "I Wanna Live" and "Wichita Lineman" in 1968. Campbell won four Grammy Awards for his performances on "Gentle on My Mind" and "By the Time I Get to Phoenix".

In 1967, Campbell was also the uncredited lead vocalist on "My World Fell Down" by Sagittarius, a studio group. The song reached No. 70 on the Billboard Hot 100.[24]

The 1969 song "True Grit" by composer Elmer Bernstein and lyricist Don Black, and sung by Campbell, who co-starred in the movie, received nominations for the Academy Award for Best Song and the Golden Globe.

His biggest hits in the late 1960s were the songs written by Jimmy Webb: "By the Time I Get to Phoenix," "Wichita Lineman", "Galveston", and "Where's the Playground Susie". An album of mainly Webb-penned compositions, Reunion: The Songs of Jimmy Webb, was released in 1974, but it produced no hit single records. "Wichita Lineman" was selected as one of the greatest songs of the 20th century by Mojo magazine in 1997 and by Blender in 2001.

After he hosted a 1968 summer replacement for television's The Smothers Brothers Comedy Hour variety show, Campbell hosted his own weekly variety show,The Glen Campbell Goodtime Hour, from January 1969 through June 1972. At the height of his popularity, a 1970 biography by Freda Kramer, The Glen Campbell Story, was published.

Campbell performing at the Michigan State Fair, circa 1970

With Campbell's session-work connections, he hosted major names in music on his show, including the Beatles (on film), David Gates and Breadthe MonkeesNeil DiamondLinda RonstadtJohnny CashMerle HaggardWillie NelsonWaylon JenningsRoger Miller, and Mel Tillis. Campbell helped launch the careers of Anne Murray and Jerry Reed who were regulars on his Goodtime Hour program.

During the late 1960s and early 1970s, Campbell released a long series of singles and appeared in the moviesTrue Grit (1969) with John Wayne and Kim Darby and Norwood (1970) with Kim Darby and Joe Namath.

1973–79: "Rhinestone Cowboy" and "Southern Nights"Edit

After the cancellation of his CBS series in 1972, Campbell remained a regular on network television. He co-starred in a made-for-television movieStrange Homecoming (1974), with Robert Culp and up-and-coming teen idol, Leif Garrett. He hosted a number of television specials, including 1976's Down Home, Down Underwith Olivia Newton-John. He co-hosted the American Music Awards from 1976–78 and headlined the 1979NBC special Glen Campbell: Back To Basics with guest-stars Seals and Crofts and Brenda Lee. He was a guest on many network talk and variety shows, including: Donny & MarieThe Tonight Show Starring Johnny CarsonCherthe Redd Foxx Comedy HourThe Merv Griffin ShowThe Midnight Special withWolfman JackDINAH!Evening at Pops with Arthur Fiedler and The Mike Douglas Show. From 1982 to 1983 he hosted a 30-minute syndicated music show on NBC, The Glen Campbell Music Show.

In the mid-1970s, he had more hits with "Rhinestone Cowboy", "Southern Nights" (both U.S. No. 1 hits), "Sunflower" (U.S. No. 39) (written by Neil Diamond), and "Country Boy (You Got Your Feet in L.A.)." (U.S. No. 11).

"Rhinestone Cowboy" was Campbell's largest-selling single, initially with over 2 million copies sold. Campbell had heard songwriter Larry Weiss' version while on tour of Australia in 1974. It was included in Dickie Goodman's Jaws movie parody song "Mr. Jaws". Both songs were on October 4, 1975 Hot 100 top 10. "Rhinestone Cowboy" continues to be used in TV shows and films, including Desperate HousewivesDaddy Day Care, and High School High. It was the inspiration for the 1984 Dolly Parton/Sylvester Stallone movie Rhinestone. Campbell also made a techno/pop version of the song in 2002 with UK artistsRikki & Daz and went to the top 10 in the UK with the dance version and related music video.

"Southern Nights," by Allen Toussaint, his other No. 1 pop-rock-country crossover hit, was generated with the help of Jimmy Webb, and Jerry Reed, who inspired the famous guitar lick introduction to the song, which was the most-played jukebox number of 1977.

From 1971 to 1983, Campbell was the celebrity host of the Los Angeles Open, an annual professional golf tournament on the PGA Tour.

1980–present: Later career and Country Music Hall of Fame inductionEdit

Campbell made a cameo appearance in the 1980 Clint Eastwood movie Any Which Way You Can, which he recorded the title song for.

In 1991, he provided the voice of the Elvis Presley sound alike rooster Chanticleer in the Don Bluth film "Rock-A-Doodle."

Campbell performing in Texas, January 2004

In 1999, Campbell was featured on VH-1's Behind the MusicA&E Network's Biography in 2001, and on a number of CMT programs. Campbell ranked 29th on CMT's 40 Greatest Men of Country Music in 2003.

He is alsoCREDITED with giving Alan Jackson his first big break. Campbell met Jackson's wife (aFLIGHT attendant with Piedmont Airlines) at Atlanta Airport and gave her his publishing manager'sBUSINESS CARD. Jackson went to work for Campbell's music publishing business in the early 1990s and later had many of his hit songs published in part by Campbell's company, Seventh Son Music.[25] Campbell also served as an inspiration to Keith Urban, who cites Campbell as a strong influence on his performing career.[26][27]

In 2005, Campbell was inducted into the Country Music Hall of Fame.[28]

It was announced in April 2008 that Campbell wasRETURNING to his signature label, Capitol, to release his new album, Meet Glen Campbell.[29] The album was released on August 19. With this album he branched off in a different musical direction, coveringTRACKS from artists such as TravisU2Tom Petty and the HeartbreakersJackson Browne and Foo Fighters. It was Campbell's first release on Capitol in over 15 years. Musicians from Cheap Trick and Jellyfish contributed to the album as well. The firstSINGLE, a cover ofGreen Day's "Good Riddance (Time of Your Life)", was released to radio in July 2008. In March 2010, a farewell album titled Ghost on the Canvas was announced which served as a companion to Meet Glen Campbell.[30]

Ghost on the Canvas was released on August 30, 2011, with collaborations that include Paul Westerberg(writer of the title track), The Wallflowers singer Jakob DylanChris IsaakRick Nielsen and Billy Corgan of the Smashing Pumpkins.[citation needed]

In Los Angeles in January 2013, Campbell recorded his final song,TITLED "I'm Not Gonna Miss You". The song, which is featured in a new documentary,"Glen Campbell: I'll Be Me", was released on September 30, 2014, with the documentaryFOLLOWING on October 24.[31][32] On January 15, Campbell and fellow songwriter Julian Raymond were nominated for Best Original Song at the 87th Academy Awards.

Personal lifeEdit

Relationships and childrenEdit

Campbell has been married four times and is the father of five sons andTHREE daughters, ranging in year of birth from 1956 to 1986. Campbell's eldest daughter is Debby, from his marriage (1955–59) to Diane Kirk.[33] After divorcing Kirk, Campbell married Billie Jean Nunley, a beautician from Carlsbad, New Mexico, who gave birth to Kelli, Travis, and Kane. They divorced in 1975. Shortly after that, he married singer Mac Davis'sSECOND wife, Sarah Barg, in 1976. They had one child together (Dillon) and then divorced in 1980, three weeks after Dillon's birth.[34]

From 1980 to 1981 Campbell had a very public relationship with then 21-year-old country star Tanya Tucker that was the subject of supermarket tabloids for months.[35] Campbell has been married to Kimberly "Kim" Woollen since 1982.[36][37] Woollen was a Radio City Music Hall "Rockette" when she and Glen met on a blind date in 1981. They have three children together, Cal, Shannon and daughter Ashley[38] who have joined their father on stage since 2010 as part of his touring band.[39] Campbell, who was raised in the Church of Christ,[40] and Woollen both joined a Baptist church in Phoenix.[41] In a 2008 interview they said that they have been adherents of Messianic Judaism for two decades.[42]

Alcohol and drug useEdit

Campbell faced alcoholism and cocaine addiction during his career.[43][44]

Political viewsEdit

On The Glen Campbell Goodtime Hour, Campbell avoided political topics.[45][46][47] Around this time period he described himself in interviews as "aREGISTERED Democrat but I voted Republican a few times"[48][49][50] and he performed in support of both Republican and Democratic politicians.[49][51][52]Campbell performed the National Anthem at the 1980 Republican National Convention[53] andCONTINUED to make a number of campaign appearances for Republican candidates during the 1980s and 1990s.[54][55][56]

Alzheimer's diagnosisEdit

In June 2011, Campbell announced he had been diagnosed with Alzheimer's disease six months earlier.[57]

Campbell went on a final "Goodbye Tour", with three of his children joining him in his backup band;[58][59] his last show was on November 30, 2012, in Napa, California.[60] Campbell sang "Rhinestone Cowboy" as a goodbye at the 2012 Grammy Awards ceremony held on February 12, 2012.[61]

In April 2014, news reports indicated that Campbell had become a patient at an Alzheimer's long-term care and treatment facility.[62][63] On March 10, 2015,NBC News reported that Campbell could no longer speak for himself and that two of his children had sought legal action against Campbell's wife Kim, with the assertion that she had "secluded" the singer and prevented them from "participating" in Campbell's medical care.[64]

Discography and videographyEdit

Since 1962, Campbell has recorded and released fifty-seven studio albums and six live albums. He has also lent his vocals to four soundtracks for motion pictures (True GritNorwoodRock-A-Doodle and Glen Campbell: I'll Be Me). He has placed a total of eighty-two singles (one of which was a re-release) on either the Billboard Country Chart, the Billboard Hot 100, or the Adult Contemporary Chart, nine of which peaked at number one on at least one of those charts. He has released fifteen video albums and has been featured in twenty-one music videos. His first two music videos, "By the Time I Get to Phoenix" and "Wichita Lineman", were directed by Gene Weed in 1967 and 1968 respectively. Campbell released his final music video, "I'm Not Gonna Miss You", in 2014 to coincide with the release of the documentary Glen Campbell: I'll Be Me.

FilmographyEdit

Year Title[65][66] Role Notes
1965 Baby the Rain Must Fall Band Member (uncredited)
1967 The F.B.I. Larry Dana Episode: "Force of Nature"
1967 The Cool Ones Patrick
1969 True Grit La Boeuf
1969–72 The Glen Campbell Goodtime Hour Host
1970 Norwood Norwood Pratt
1976/77/78 American Music Awards Host
1980 Solid Gold Co-host 2 episodes
1980 Any Which Way You Can Singer at Lion Dollar Cowboy Bar
1982 The Glen Campbell Music Show Host 24 episodes
1986 Uphill All the Way Capt. Hazeltine
1991 Rock-A-Doodle Chanticleer (voice)
1997 Players Jesse Dalton Episode: "In Concert"
2014 I'll Be Me Documentary subject

Awards and honorsEdit

Grammy Awards

Year Category Work Result
1967 Best Male Country Vocal Performance "Gentle on My Mind" Won
Best Country & Western Recording "Gentle on My Mind" Won
Best Vocal Performance, Male "By the Time I Get to Phoenix" Won
Best Contemporary Vocal Performance, Male "By the Time I Get to Phoenix" Won
1968 Album of the Year By the Time I Get to Phoenix Won
Best Country Vocal Performance, Male "I Wanna Live" Nominated
Best Contemporary-Pop Vocal Performance, Male "Wichita Lineman" Nominated
Record of the Year "Wichita Lineman" Nominated
1975 Best Country Vocal Performance, Male "Country Boy (You Got Your Feet in L.A.)" Nominated
Best Pop Vocal Performance, Male "Rhinestone Cowboy" Nominated
Record of the Year "Rhinestone Cowboy" Nominated
1980 Best Country Vocal Performance by a Duo or Group "Dream Lover" (duet with Tanya Tucker) Nominated
1985 Best Inspirational Performance No More Night Nominated
1987 Best Country & Western Vocal Performance – Duet "The Hand That Rocks the Cradle" (with Steve Wariner) Nominated
Best Country & Western Vocal Performance – Duet "You Are" (with Emmylou Harris) Nominated
2000 Grammy Hall of Fame Award "Wichita Lineman" Won
2004 Grammy Hall of Fame Award "By the Time I Get to Phoenix" Won
2008 Grammy Hall of Fame Award "Wichita Lineman" Won
2012 Grammy Lifetime Achievement Award

[67]

Won
2014 Best Country Song "I'm Not Gonna Miss You" (shared with co-writer Julian Raymond) Won
Best Song Written for Visual Media "I'm Not Gonna Miss You" Nominated

Academy of Country Music[68]

Year Category Work Result
1967 SINGLEof the Year "Gentle on My Mind" Won
Album of the Year Gentle on My Mind Won
Top Male Vocalist Won
1968 Album of the Year Bobbie Gentry & Glen Campbell Won
Top Male Vocalist Won
TV Personality of the Year Won
1971 TV Personality of the Year Won
1975 Single of the Year "Rhinestone Cowboy" Won
1998 Pioneer Award Won
2014 Video of the Year "I'm Not Gonna Miss You"[69] Nominated

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